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Pixhawk external LED?

Started by Hugues. Last reply by audrius chomicius on Friday. 23 Replies

Hi,Anyone succeeded to install external LEDs on Pixhawk?On APM we could configure the param Led_mode to a binary value representing which actions turn LEDs on A5 and A6.Is there an equivalent feature…Continue

Altitude drop in apm 2.6

Started by yuvraj on Friday. 0 Replies

When I'am planning the mission I have entered has a 3 mtrs of default alt in flight data once done everything setup. when I start my mission quad is not going at particular altitude is there any…Continue

Tags: altitude

Gimbal setup APM 2.6

Started by WCP. Last reply by WCP on Friday. 6 Replies

I have read about camera gimbal setup in user guide but still confused. Using tarot gimbal.With APM 2.6 using 3.2.1 firmware I think I can have pass thru + in ROI tilt control via APM.I don't see in…Continue

DIY Quadcopter Canopy

Started by Dene. Last reply by Dene on Thursday. 2 Replies

I thought you might enjoy this video on how to make your own quadcopter canopy from a soda bottle! There are also instructions on the associated webpage…Continue

Tags: canopy from soda bottle, make a quadcopter canopy, quadcopter canopy from a soda bottle, DIY canopy, quadcopter canopy

Comment Wall


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Comment by Chris Gough on February 24, 2012 at 7:27am

@Rui Manuel Cravo Marques, I agree that motors marked "suitable for a 1 kg plane" are not suitable for 1/4 of a 4kg quad. A 1kg plane requires a lot less than 1kg of thrust to maintain altitude or climb at a reasonable angle, so the motor probably produces less than 1/2 a kg of "thrust".

Yes I have pushed a car, and yes, I was doing all the work. What's more, I have manually maneuvered an 11 ton boat too. That didn't require 11 million g of "thrust"!

Thrust is pushing force that can be used to accelerate a mass and/or counteract drag, and is properly measured in Newtons. Measuring it in weight is a OK on the surface earth where counteracting gravity’s force against a 1kg mass requires 9.8 N in the opposite direction. That doesn't make sense somewhere with a different gravitational force though, like in space, weight is relative to gravity but thrust is thrust is thrust.

When pushing a 2 ton car on the level, the ground is pushing up against gravity, you don't need to supply that force yourself. It would take an extra ~20,000 N to hold it over your head (Aaarg!), but accelerating it along the level ground only requires sufficient force to overcome inertia (accelerate the mass) + rolling resistance (counteract the drag). This is similar to a propeller pushing a plane, where the wings provide lifting force that carries the weight of the plane (but inducing some drag that has to be overcome in addition to the parasitic drag).

I put it to you that a set of four motors/props that actually produce 1200g static thrust each IS almost enough to hover (but not climb) a quadcopter with an AUW of ALMOST 4800g. Not lift (climb), and only "almost" enough because some spare capacity is required for stabilisation (not all motors can produce maximum output all the time unless the airframe is inherently stable).

I'm not suggesting anyone should take a quad with a theoretical maximum thrust of 4.8kg, load it up to 4.5 kg and expect it to fly. Given the the need to stabilise and navigate, prop unloading as airspeed increases, operation in a rotating column of air etc. etc. maybe 2kg is a more practical AUW limit for that quad (depending on how you want to use it, prop-speed of the motor/prop combo, etc).

I think you and I would probably both agree about what constitutes a sensible amount of thrust for any given plane or multicopter. I only got all pedantic and gave you the physics refresher because you said "correct me if I'm wrong" :)

Comment by Ante Vukorepa on February 24, 2012 at 7:17am

The thrust stated in the specs is usually "static" thrust. Meaning, under perfect conditions, with 100% efficiency, you will be able to *prevent* the equivalen load *from falling*, not do anything useful with it. Which is why a hefty margin on top of that is usually a good idea.

Comment by Ramesh Tahlan on February 24, 2012 at 7:14am

About the issue of thrust, yes, if ur motor has 1000 g thrust, it is supposed to be able to lift a 1000g wt, however, because u never get 100% efficiency, it better to take 80% of that value, so it will lift 800g physically, that is how u calulate the motor thrust u need for a planes. so for a trainer for which u could use a 600g thrust motor for a all up flying wt of 1000g, or 700 to 800 g motor thrust for sport flying of same fly wt  of 1000g or 1200g to 1500g motor thrust for 3D. That is the direct equation and u will never go wrong. There is something called thrust to wt ration, if u have a plane of 1:1 thrust to wt ration, (good enough for sport but not 3D) then if fly wt of plane is 1000g , ur motor thrust is 1000g, but do remember that motor thrust to be 1000g do take efficiency into account so u would actually take a motor thrust of 1200g for 1:1 ration.

Comment by Rui Manuel Cravo Marques on February 24, 2012 at 6:20am

Chris Gough, yes me too. Correct me if I'm wrong, but have you tryied to push a car ? It has about 2000kgs, are you making that force ? I seriouslly doubt that 1000gr of thrust in spec sheets would be lifting capability but more "suited for a 1000gr airplane model", so it accelerates untill it has a speed where air can sustain the weight. I see spec of motors with 1200gr thrust with a 10" prop... put 4 of this on a quad and see if you can lift 4800gr :)

Comment by Marco Robustini on February 24, 2012 at 5:01am

Ecalc work fine, when I designed my X8 got it right:

Comment by Chris Gough on February 24, 2012 at 4:45am

Pay attention, sometimes motors have in their specs the thrust, but it's not lifting thrust but horizontal thrust (for planes)

??? I thought thrust was thrust.

motocalc works well for me.

Comment by Rui Manuel Cravo Marques on February 24, 2012 at 4:38am

Gjango, I don't know if you're familiar with this site : 

The thrust depends on several factors : motor power, motor kv, propeller used. A 100w motor with 800kv and a 13" propeller will give you less thrust than a 300w motor with 800kv and a 13" prop, since the last one will be able to maitain higher rpms with such a "eavy" prop, but the motor will also be heavier. Pay attention, sometimes motors have in their specs the thrust, but it's not lifting thrust but horizontal thrust (for planes)

Comment by Gjango on February 24, 2012 at 4:28am

hi to all

How can I calculate the thrust produced per motor in kg?

Comment by Ellison Chan on February 18, 2012 at 10:36pm

Well, 850kv @ 20amp would probably generate over 1kg thrust per motor.  So your flying weight with the gopro is over 4 kg?  That does seem like a heavy drone.  If you're really over 4kg, you should probably be looking at a hexa or octo.  Since if you try to find motors for a quad that can lift greater than 4kg, you're talking about expensive motors and escs.

Comment by Adli Shahnaz on February 18, 2012 at 10:06pm

Elison, 850kv with 20amp ESC. I just transferred from the normal jdrones ardu frame to the X1 frame. Should I change the motors and the ESC?


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