With the recent release of APM 2.9x for Arducopter, reducing vibration has become a top top priority. This is because inertial navigation is being implemented, starting with an inertial PID loop in altitude hold. Vibration problems show up in altitude hold and any mode that requires the use of the altitude controller. I was having problems with my quad climbing uncontrollably in forward flight (while in altitude hold) and then descending again when forward motion stopped. I thought it had something to do with transnational lift or air blowing into my APM case, but Randy (developer) helped me determine that the root cause of the problem was in fact vibration.

By enabling RAW logging I was able to see the acceleration forces on the quad in flight. The current thought is that during normal flight (not just a hover - you need to include data from high power settings) the Z acceleration should generally stay between -15 and -5. As shown by the green line on the graph below I was well outside that. I've got a motor that really whistles while flying, so I would guess it has a bent shaft. All my props are meticulously balanced. The red line shows the current vibration level the APM feels after I made a simple mod to the mounting of the APM. By no means was this my idea, but it works great and I highly recommend anyone having trouble with altitude give something like this a shot. Here is the wiki on Vibration Control. By importing the log data to Excel I was able to determine that the standard deviation of the red line is 1.4. I learned how to analyze flight data here. The second video discusses using Excel.

I previously had my APM mounted on a high quality gyro mounting tape, the same kind that the xBee is mounted on in the second picture. The ONLY modification I made to achieve the lower vibration to the APM was to switch to supporting the APM, receiver, xBee and a 42 gram plate with four really squishy earplugs. The diameter of the holes I drilled for the earplugs are a .25". The distance between the plate and frame is 7/32". I admit, 42 grams is A LOT of weight to just add to the quad, but the results are excellent. The all up weight of the supported structure is 111 grams. I first saw this mounting method here. The earplugs hold very well, I can actually pick up the whole quad by the APM and not have it all come disconnected. I messed around with using a little CA glue to hold the ear plugs in more permanently and found that thick CA and some accelerator did not attack the foam at all. 

I hope this can help someone who has had trouble switching to 2.9.1. 

Views: 3699


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Comment by Ted Van Slyck on March 6, 2013 at 11:22pm

I want to specifically mention that I still have a motor that makes a strong wine and I suspect has a bent shaft. The ear plugs are highly effective at covering up issues and are worth the 15 minutes it will take to install. 

Comment by Joshua Johnson on March 7, 2013 at 12:49am

This is great Do It Yourself stuff right here!  Have any advice on building an anti vibration case for the APM and other electronics?! I'm looking at purchasing an APM 2.5 for my RQ-11 and was hoping to find an anti vibration case thats small enough to fit inside the Plane.

Comment by Christoph Albiez on March 7, 2013 at 1:52am

Hi,

im currently working on a small anti-vibration frame using earplugs, ill post pictures, result and 3d-files once i tested it.

(dimensions at the moment are 122x97x50mm)


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Comment by Ted Van Slyck on March 7, 2013 at 7:23am

wow, a fully integrated case would be really nice. please let us know when your'e done with that, will it be 3d printed?

Comment by W. Joe Taylor on March 7, 2013 at 1:12pm
Great post Ted.
Get'R done Chris!
Comment by Axel Le Clézio on March 8, 2013 at 2:13am

I just gave up on APM2 because of 2.9.x problems.

With same frame on MWC (multiwii), no need to use accelerometer to have a stable flight.

With APM2 i tried everything, seems this card doesn't want to flight :/

Comment by Christoph Albiez on March 8, 2013 at 5:24am

Hi,
@Ted: yes they will be 3D printed (rep-strap)
@Axel: i come from mwc and previous had some trys with megapirate (only partly succesfull) and now am useing apm2.5+... i tuned all rate parameters from zero and i realy like the CH6 for tuning option and now its flying quite smooth (with adjusted d-term) (have you adjusted the lowpass-filter as stated i the 2.9 anouncement?)
given... mwc manages impressive stability with gyro only on allmost any frame and default settings.


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Comment by Ted Van Slyck on March 8, 2013 at 6:34am

@Axel Why not roll back to 2.8 if you don't like 2.9? 

Comment by Ken Burnes on March 8, 2013 at 12:07pm

Ted - First Thanks for posting. If you don't mind, here are a few questions:  What are the dimensions (L x W x D) of the aluminum plate you're using?  Is the 42 gram mass of the plate critical in this anti-vibration setup or might it be more or less effective with more or less mass?  Is their a reason for choosing aluminum for the plate vs say acrylic or polycarb?  Is there a ready source for the aluminum?  I couldn't find anything I thought might work at either Home Depot or Lowes.

 

kb


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Comment by Ted Van Slyck on March 10, 2013 at 6:10pm

Ken,

My plate is actually 1/8" fiberglass (g10), my dimensions are 4.5" x 2.6". The only reason I used those dimensions were to accommodate all gear to be mounted on the plate. The weight of the plate is not relevant  what is relevant is the weight of the total supported structure: APM+RX+TELEMETRY+PLATE. My total weight is 111 grams (IMO insanely heavy for a little quad). I also cut out a 1/16" plate I am going to try.

The whole idea is simply to increase the mass from only the mass of the APM to something higher. More mass=better VR reduction...to a point. You don't want the mass to be so high that you decouple the movement of the APM from the frame (ie. the frame rolls but APM stays put). You could use 1/4" plywood to start and some earplugs. I found in my testing that most earplugs are tolerant of CA, so you can easily do testing that way. 

This topic needs more research and development, but for now just increasing the mass of the object your are trying to isolate (the APM on the plate) to the neighborhood of 40-120 grams seems to be a great start. The dimensions probably are not super critical, but my gut tells me the greater the distance between the earplugs the better, but that's just a gut feeling. 

Its also worth looking into moongel (any store that sells acoustic guitars).  Apparently people have had great success with that. 

Also, propeller choice makes a big difference. Bigger diameter props (lower RPM) will tend to produce less vibration at the source. The 12" APC SloFly series is easy to balance and very effective. However, if you plan on flying aggressively they are not an ideal choice as they do flex and will induce vibration when they do. 

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