I just wanted to give everyone who is waiting for a 3DR 433MHz radio a heads up about a shipping delay. A few days ago I discovered an interference problem with the 3DR 433MHz radios that can cause the range to be much less than expected. We're still investigating the problem, but meanwhile I've suggested to Sam that they delay shipping the 433MHz variant of the radio until we've solved it.
Our current theory is that the 480MHz clock in the USB host controller on some PCs is the source of the noise, and that 480MHz is close enough to the 433 MHz radio band to cause the problem. This theory is supported by testing with the USB host controller forced into USB 1.1 12MBit/s mode ("full speed") instead of the more common "high speed" 480MBit/s mode.
The above graph shows a particularly extreme version of the problem on one of my laptops. This graph was produced with a modified firmware that uses the Si1000 as a simple scanner, looking at the background signal level at frequencies from 420MHz up to 950MHz. The graph shows the background noise levels in "433-scan.txt" (the red dots) for a USB version of the 3DR 433 radio. The green dots are for the FTDI version of the radio connected to the same laptop. Those noise levels are far too high, and would severely limit range when connected to this laptop.
We have found some workarounds - in particular running the USB host controller in 'companion' mode, where it forces the controller to run all ports in "full speed" 12MBit/s mode. That helps, but we are not very happy with the solution, and the noise is still higher than we would like.
So we are still investigating the best solution and meanwhile I've suggested to 3DRobotics that they hold off shipping the 433MHz radios until we have properly solved the problem.
The 900MHz radios are unaffected by this and we've got great range on those with lots of different ground station laptops.
I'll keep you all updated via this forum as we make progress on the noise problem. Meanwhile all I can do is apologise for the delay. We thought it was better to ensure the problem is properly fixed rather than having some people disappointed in the range.
433 needs an antenna twice as big as 900 MHz.
433 might perform better with line-of-sight obstructions.
I'll be using 433 in fixed wing platforms and keeping 900 MHz in my multicopter.
Chris..your long post is very informative and love to get this type of information . Thanks !
This problem is it resolved ?
it's worked around by using FTDI cable.
i have also a groundmodule with usb... it´s possible to cutt the usb plug + chip and solder some PIN´s for FTDI cable ?
or i must buy a new air-module ?
olli, if you have a ground module, it is 915MHz. 3D Robotics has not shipped any 433MHz ground modules. You don't need to do any modifications since the 915MHz ground modules are OK.
i have the usb-433 mhz modul.i have buy it as "used" ..... i think it ´s a clone.i am not shure :-(
it´s possible to DEsolder the usb-chip and connector and solter the FDTI cable to the 3DR directly ?
or is the board design completely different to the air-module ?
If 433mhz Ground Modules are affected by noise from FTDI /USB chips and needs some distance between them. this also means the air modules will be affected by presence of any FTDI chip inside the plane electronics. any thoughts ??
it's not really about FTDI chips, butthe frequency of USB which you use in only one end.
the air modules can be affected by some camera like gopro see here:
Hello!!!, I have rctimer's 433Mhz telemetry usb , it is not clear to me how can I fix the problem, I have a very bad range connecting the usb telemetry to my laptop, what can be done?
hi @ marcelo, just replace the stock antennas with 13.6 inch 18awg wire on both air and ground modules..