HopeRF-TRP 3DR MavLink Attack


Project Status;          Design

Project Progress;       [∎∎∎                       ]


Once the project is complete i will be publishing it here


My write-up on my Blog www.googlex.co.uk/blog...


Hello DiyDrone.com Community!


My name is Jack and i'm currently working on a project to do with an exploit recently discovered (Oct 2015) in the MavLink Protocol.

First off the Exploit;

The exploit is to do with the radio's method of authentication, They use the header 'Net_Id' to identify themselves to the other radio's during transmission of data.

Within the Sik-Firmware for the SiLabs Si1000 ISM Radio thier is a file named "radio.c" within this file thier is some code that pulls the devices 'Net_Id' and checks it against incoming data packets to check if they are ment for the radio that is recieving them.

This is the original code;


// decode the header
errcount = golay_decode(6, buf, gout);
if (gout[0] != netid[0] || gout[1] != netid[1]) {
// its not for our network ID
debug("netid %x %x\n",
(unsigned)gout[0],
(unsigned)gout[1]);
goto failed;
}

However some guy has been able to modify this code so that when the radio receives a data packet it reads it's 'Net_Id' and sets the 'Net_Id' of the radio that received the packet to the same as the one that was just received, then the radio is able
to issue a command to the drone that it has just stolen the 'Net_Id' from such as "CMD_DISARM" witch would intern disarm the drone mid-flight!

Here is the "Modified" Code;


// decode the header
errcount = golay_decode(6, buf, gout);
if (gout[0] != netid[0] || gout[1] != netid[1]) {
// its not for our network ID
/* Mod */
// Set our radio to use the captured packets
NetID param_set(PARAM_NETID, gout[0]))
// Save the value to flash
param_save();
// To read the new value we need to reboot. Rebooting
RSTSRC |= (1 << 4);
/* End of Mod*/
}

My problem(s) are as follows.

I Can't compile the modded firmware as all of my Linux computers refuse to install Mono-Develop :/
I would like to have this running on a standalone Hope-RF HM-TRP 433 chip that is connected to an arduino, The arduino would have a display that when a button is pressed the display shows something like LINE1 "Drone-B-Gone" LINE2 "Disarming all drones in the area!" and the arduino would use Serial.Send() to send the command to the Hope-RF chip that contains the packet "CMD_DISARM" that would disarm the quad in flight.
I have no way of flashing the Hope-RF HM-TRP chip! I read somewhere that an arduino Uno could be used however i have lost that link :(
I Have NO Arduino experience so i don't even know how i would start coding something like this


And now for my Questions!
1. Can i link several HopeRF HM-TRP Modules together?? What i mean by this is could i possibly have 434/868/915 Modules with the modded code all linked to together with the Tx and Rx pins and the same power source (DUH with different antennas) so that when the button is pressed no matter what telemetry band the drone is using it WILL cover it?
2. Can someone please send me in the right direction on how i can achieve what i have asked above with an arduino??

All help is greatly appreciated!

Links to prior Research

http://madhacker.org/how-to-hijack-a-drone-by-telemetry-and-prevent-it/

https://github.com/Dronecode/SiK

http://www.shellntel.com/blog/2015/9/25/drone-code-execution

http://rc-fpv.pl/viewtopic.php?t=8011

Obviously i am not doing this in malicious intent... ;)

Thanks a lot guys!!!

Peace out ~Jack

<-------------------------------- UPDATE-1 ----------------------------------->

Having Second thoughts on how i should do this,

I am pondering as to weather i should use an android tablet with the usb OTG wire.

This way (As Andre K pointed out) I would be showing more skills as i am a confident android developer so i could possibly make my own app that gives me a multitude of functions such as Follow me, Disable, Manual Control, RTH//RTL, Set new home and go their also i could do flight mode change. I think this would possibly help me demonstrate more skills?

What do you guys think? Start you response with UPDATE-1 ;)

~Jack

<------------------------------ UPDATE-1 END ------------------------------->

<-------------------------------- UPDATE-2 ----------------------------------->

Finally getting somewhere!

A HUGE Thanks to Marcin Krawczyk for recommending Fedora to me!

I Have finally got the HRM_TRP firmware package compiled :)

It is attached below, This is the Fw WITH the mod :)

LINK TO FW FILE  <-- Not the correct upload!

I pulled an all niter doing this :S

~Jack

===

SUB UPDATE!

I accidentally uploaded the wrong file, this is the full dst output file :)

LINK TO FW FILE

===

<------------------------------ UPDATE-2 END ------------------------------->


By Jack Rogers


© InkyHacker 2016


hm_trp.zip

Firmware.zip

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Replies

        • I'm sorry, I have no acces to this infrastructure anymore. Try to set up Linux environment using setup which was available around 2012...I remember that this was difficult to resolve dependencies even that time...
          • Sure, Okay well thanks anyway!

            I will give that a shot as so far i have tried the following linux distro's

            Kali

            Puppy

            Debain

            Noob's (On raspberry pi)

            NO LUCK?!!!?

            Thanks ~Jack

            • Those days I was playing Fedora with success

              • Okay, Thanks, Ill give that a shot!



                • THANKYOU!


                  Thanks so much for pointing me to Fedora! I have now installed MonoDevelop Hopefully it compiles properly?!?!??

                  • Okay thanks, It's a 3DR radio set so it's not a bare board! Also it probably wouldn't work but once it's porgrammed can i un solder it put on a new HR-TRP then programm that the same way and use the other one stand alone??

                  • You can always upload different FW.

                    But - If you're going to use bare HM-TRP - you have to pre-program bootloader first.

                  • Sure, Thanks... Ill just have to wait for them to arrive then :/ Can you brick them if the firmware is bad?

                  • Upload to HM-TRP and try.


                  • IT'S ALIVE!


                    Thank you SO MUCH Marcin! I have successfully compiled it, Is their any way to check the file??

                    DOWNLOAD

This reply was deleted.

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