My current project: a Large rover! I have found a cheap dis-used electric wheelchair on eBay, removed the "chair" and all of the electronics, created a power distribution system behind the battery pack based around an arduino Uno, two 8 channel relay modules, and two 15A step-down converters for 12v and 5v.
On top I have replaced the chair with a aluminum frame where most of the 'higher' level electronics reside, currently this comprises of an Arduino due, a raspberry pi, 1TB Hard drive, a pair of 25A motor controllers, a uBlox GPS, a network hub, WiFi bridge and a USB Hub.
The plan is to use the Arduino DUE as the brains for the motor drive, it's managing the navigation and drive of both motors. I plan to base the navigation around the 9DOF sensor pack I have added as a primary source of information, corrected by GPS & barometer for altitude. I have a set of SR04 ultrasonic sensors that will provide a 'distance' measurement for navigation as well.
Once the basics have been sorted (ie navigation & drive) I have plans to interface the rover into a Kinect sensor; I have begun work on this already, however I require a fairly powerful computer for the image processing if I want to do 3D point cloud, navigation (damn hard), and person recognition as security for commands (nearly done).
For now, I just thought that I would share...