The Brazilian Aviation Agency (ANAC) has released the newest iteration of their proposed rules for UAV operation (VANT, in Portuguese), and is requesting public feedback until October 3rd, 2015. The official release is linked at the bottom. Feedback can be sent by e-mail to email@example.com, and a public audience will be held in Brasilia on September 11th.
In a nutshell, ANAC will only allow and regulate Remotely Piloted Aircrafts (RPAs), prohibiting the use of fully autonomous UAVs (with no possibility of pilot control during flight). RPAs will be classified according to weight, with specific requirements for each class:
Class 1 (above 150 kg) - Aircraft must be certified by ANAC, be registered in the Brazilian Aeronautical Registry (RAB), and pilots must have the Aeronautical Medical Certificate (CMA), permit, and license. All flights must be registered.
Class 2 (25-50 kg) - Aircraft need not be certified, but manufacturers must comply with all necessary technical requirements, and have the project approved by the Agency. It should also be registered with the RAB, and pilots must have CMA, license and permits. All flights should also be registered.
Class 3 (less than 25 kg) - If operated up to 400 feet above ground level (approximately 120 meters) and in visual line of sight, the RPA will only require a simple registration (operator and equipment information). CMA will not be required, nor registry of the flights. Pilot license and permits will only be required for those wishing to operate above 400 feet. Operation of RPAs up to 25 kg may only occur at a minimum distance of 30 meters from a person. The distance may be less in the case of consenting persons (those who expressly agree to the operation) and persons involved in the operation. In urban areas and rural settlements, operation should not exceed 200 feet above ground level (approximately 60 meters).
Minimum age - RPA pilots for all three classes must be at least 18 years old.
Insurance - will be required to secure third party damage coverage for all RPAs (all three classes), except for government security and civil defense agencies.
Illegal activities or invasion of privacy - illegal activities or invasion of privacy using RPAs will naturally be dealt with by the relevant law enforcement authorities.
Civil defense and public security - public security and civil defense agencies can operate in any areas, at their own responsibility (or an operator at their service), with due compliance to the proposed rules. These operations do not need to have insurance to cover damages to third parties.
Model aircraft - In the case of model aircraft (which are intended for recreation), there is no need for authorization from ANAC, but they should be subject to the minimum distance of 30 meters from non-consenting people. In the case of consenting people (who expressly agree), this distance need not be observed. Under the proposal, there is no minimum age for model aircraft pilots or compulsory insurance against damage to third parties.