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Recognizing the growing importance of data safety and customization, Danish drone company Upteko has entered the market with its flagship product, the LARK drone.

Originally conceived for windmill inspection, the LARK drone has been developed to set a new standard for data security and versatility, and has quickly garnered attention for its data safety features and adaptability.

The LARK drone features robust data encryption mechanisms and a highly customizable design; engineered to meet the unique specifications of each customer, ensuring optimal performance and data safety in any scenario. Whether it’s precision agriculture, infrastructure monitoring, or environmental surveys, Upteko empowers its clients to tailor the LARK drone to their specific needs, without compromising on data security.


Setting new standards for data security & versatility

In the ever-evolving landscape of drone technology, the demand for data safety and customization has become paramount. As regulatory bodies tighten their grip on privacy and security measures, companies are facing unprecedented challenges in ensuring the integrity and safety of the data collected by their drones.

In this shifting paradigm, Upteko offers cutting-edge solutions that prioritize data security and customization.


The drone industry is undergoing a profound transformation, driven by advancements in technology and an increasing need for data-driven insights across various sectors. From agriculture to infrastructure inspection, drones have become indispensable tools, providing real-time data and actionable insights like never before. However, with this proliferation of drone usage comes pressing concerns over data privacy and security.

Regulators worldwide are stepping up efforts to enforce stringent guidelines to protect sensitive information collected by drones. From stringent data encryption protocols to strict limitations on data storage and transmission, compliance with these regulations has become a top priority for companies operating in the drone industry. Failure to adhere to these standards not only poses legal risks, but can also undermine public trust in drone technology.

The versatility of the LARK drone has been a game-changer for businesses seeking reliable and secure drone solutions. With its advanced payload options and modular design, the LARK drone can seamlessly adapt to evolving industry requirements, providing unparalleled flexibility and scalability.

Whether it’s integrating specialized sensors for precise data collection or implementing custom software solutions for enhanced analytics, Upteko offers a comprehensive suite of services to meet the most demanding operational needs.

Read more here: Upteko

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FMS Cessna 182 1500mm PNP

FMS Cessna 182 1500mm PNP


The Cessna 182 is a popular small single-engine propeller aircraft that first appeared in 1956, with its development rooted in the Cessna 180. The Cessna 182 plays a significant role in general aviation due to its excellent stability, reliability, versatility, flexibility, and ease of operation. It is used in various fields such as private flying, flight training, business cruising, aerial photography, aerial patrols, geographical surveyance, and emergency medical rescue.

Authorized by FMS Model Inc. China, the FMS Cessna 182, with a wingspan of 1500mm, adheres to FMS’s long-standing product philosophy of "perfect appearance, excellent performance."

While painstakingly reproducing the appearance, it also replicates the flight characteristics of the Cessna 182.
Perfect appearance: The FMS 1500mm Cessna 182 breaks the limits of degree of realism that aircraft of the same size and type can achieve, meticulously replicating exterior details, from cockpit windows and cabin interiors to skin lines, antennas, exhaust ports, propellers, navigation lights, and more.


Excellent performance: With high-rigidity lightweight EPO material and a high-wing structure with a large wing area, the aircraft exhibits low wing-loading and high lift-drag ratio.

Activating the flaps, the FMS 1500mm Cessna 182 performs admirably in low-speed control and short takeoff and landing (STOL) —taking off within three meters on the ground and easily flying with half throttle in the air. The aircraft features a tricycle metal shock-absorbing landing gear set and large wear-resistant tires to resist violent landings, eliminating concerns for novice pilots practicing takeoffs and landings.

Following international navigation light standards, high-intensity LED lights are equipped on both wings, the tail of the fuselage, and the top of the vertical stabilizer—allowing worry-free takeoffs and landings in low-light conditions, enhancing realism and adding to the joy of flying. Robust plastic struts give extra strength to the wings during aerobatic maneuvers. In addition, the assembly structure of the Cessna 182 reflects FMS's consistent attitude towards product development—rigorous and meticulous. The model utilizes a convenient snapper assembly structure, integrated servo-connector design, and ball head control surface linkage. These measures, while ensuring the strength and stability of the aircraft, greatly simplify the assembly steps, allowing players to enjoy the fun of flying in the shortest possible time. The PNP configuration includes a 3541-KV840 brushless motor, 40A brushless ESC, and seven 9g digital servos, with high-precision digital servos
controlling ailerons, flaps, nosewheel steering, rudder, and elevator, accurately executing input commands.

Most pleasingly, the 1500mm Cessna 182 can be equipped with the Reflex V3 (sold separately), which can be connected via Bluetooth and unlocks custom tuning functions. After downloading the app, players can choose standard or custom modes based on their preferences and synchronize the desired flight parameters.

Type of Version: PNP
Wingspan (mm): 1500mm / 59 in
Length (mm): 1250mm / 49.2 in
Flying weight (gr) 2000 approx
Wing Surface Area: 33.3 dm² / 515.7
Wing Loading: 60 g/dm² / 0.12oz/in²
CG (Center of Gravity) Check manual
Servos 7x 9 gr standard gear
Servo type: Digital
Blades: 3
Turbine shroud Synthetic
EDF Rotor Synthetic
Power System 3541-KV840 Brushless
Electronic Speed Control 40A
Battery Capacity (mAh) 2.200 mAh, 3.200 mAh
Required Radio 6 channels minimum
Recommended pilot skill level Beginner, Intermediate


Authorized by Textron Innovations Inc.
High-Performance Power System: Powerful 3541-KV840 brushless motor, 40A brushless ESC.
Rich in realistic details, such as cockpit interior (instrument panel, steering wheel, pilot), antenna, navigation lights, etc.
Metal shock-absorbing landing gear set.
Pre-installed high-intensity LED navigation lights.
Simple assembly structure (snappers+screws).
Superior low-speed maneuverability.
Ultra-short takeoff distance.
Integrated servo connectors.
Large-size battery compartment.
Ball head control surface linkage to reduce surface vibrations and achieve smooth steering.
Tough and efficient nylon and fiber-reinforced three-blade propeller.
Technical data
Scale: 1/7
Wingspan: 1500mm / 59 in
Length: 1250mm / 49.2 in
Flying weight: approx. 2000
Wing area: 33.3 dm² / 515.7
Wing loading: 60 g/dm² / 0.12oz/in²
Motor size: Brushless 3541-KV840
Impeller: 80mm, 12-blade
ESC: 40A
Servos: 9g x 7
Propeller: 11*6,3-blade
Suggested battery: 14.8V2200mAh-3200mAh 25c

Package Box details:

FMS 1500mm Blue Cessna 182 RC Airpane
Motor: Brushless 3541-KV840 Motor system
ECS: 40A
Servos: 4x9g
Propeller: 11*6,3-blade
Fixe landing gear set
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FMS Cessna 182 1500mm PNP Blue PNP RC Airplane,Discount Price URL is Cessna 182 is a popular small single-engine propeller aircraft that first appeared in 1956, with its development rooted in the Cessna 180. The Cessna 182 plays a significant role in general aviation due to its excellent stability, reliability, versatility, flexibility, and ease of operation. It is used in various fields such as private flying, flight training, business cruising, aerial photography, aerial patrols, geographical surveyance, and emergency medical rescue.Authorized by FMS Model Inc. China, the FMS Cessna 182, with a wingspan of 1500mm, adheres to FMS’s long-standing product philosophy of "perfect appearance, excellent performance."While painstakingly reproducing the appearance, it also replicates the flight characteristics of the Cessna 182.Perfect appearance: The FMS 1500mm Cessna 182 breaks the limits of degree of realism that aircraft of the same size and type can achieve, meticulously replicating exterior details, from cockpit windows and cabin interiors to skin lines, antennas, exhaust ports, propellers, navigation lights, and more. Excellent performance: With high-rigidity lightweight EPO material and a high-wing structure with a large wing area, the aircraft exhibits low wing-loading and high lift-drag ratio.Activating the flaps, the FMS 1500mm Cessna 182 performs admirably in low-speed control and short takeoff and landing (STOL) —taking off within three meters on the ground and easily flying with half throttle in the air. The aircraft features a tricycle metal shock-absorbing landing gear set and large wear-resistant tires to resist violent landings, eliminating concerns for novice pilots practicing takeoffs and landings.Following international navigation light standards, high-intensity LED lights are equipped on both wings, the tail of the fuselage, and the top of the vertical stabilizer—allowing worry-free takeoffs and landings in low-light conditions, enhancing realism and adding to the joy of flying. Robust plastic struts give extra strength to the wings during aerobatic maneuvers. In addition, the assembly structure of the Cessna 182 reflects FMS's consistent attitude towards product development—rigorous and meticulous. The model utilizes a convenient snapper assembly structure, integrated servo-connector design, and ball head control surface linkage. These measures, while ensuring the strength and stability of the aircraft, greatly simplify the assembly steps, allowing players to enjoy the fun of flying in the shortest possible time. The PNP configuration includes a 3541-KV840 brushless motor, 40A brushless ESC, and seven 9g digital servos, with high-precision digital servoscontrolling ailerons, flaps, nosewheel steering, rudder, and elevator, accurately executing input commands.Most pleasingly, the 1500mm Cessna 182 can be equipped with the Reflex V3 (sold separately), which can be connected via Bluetooth and unlocks custom tuning functions. After downloading the app, players can choose standard or custom modes based on their preferences and synchronize the desired flight parameters.Type of Version: PNPWingspan (mm): 1500mm / 59 inLength (mm): 1250mm / 49.2 inFlying weight (gr) 2000 approxWing Surface Area: 33.3 dm² / 515.7 sq.inWing Loading: 60 g/dm² / 0.12oz/in²CG (Center of Gravity) Check manualServos 7x 9 gr standard gearServo type: DigitalBlades: 3Turbine shroud SyntheticEDF Rotor SyntheticPower System 3541-KV840 BrushlessElectronic Speed Control 40ABattery Capacity (mAh) 2.200 mAh, 3.200 mAhRequired Radio 6 channels minimumRecommended pilot skill level Beginner, IntermediateFeatures:Authorized by Textron Innovations Inc.High-Performance Power System: Powerful 3541-KV840 brushless motor, 40A brushless ESC.Rich in realistic details, such as cockpit interior (instrument panel, steering wheel, pilot), antenna, navigation lights, etc.Metal shock-absorbing landing gear set.Pre-installed high-intensity LED navigation lights.Simple assembly structure (snappers+screws).Superior low-speed maneuverability.Ultra-short takeoff distance.Integrated servo connectors.Large-size battery compartment.Ball head control surface linkage to reduce surface vibrations and achieve smooth steering.Tough and efficient nylon and fiber-reinforced three-blade propeller.Technical dataScale: 1/7Wingspan: 1500mm / 59 inLength: 1250mm / 49.2 inFlying weight: approx. 2000Wing area: 33.3 dm² / 515.7 loading: 60 g/dm² / 0.12oz/in²Motor size: Brushless 3541-KV840Impeller: 80mm, 12-bladeESC: 40AServos: 9g x 7Propeller: 11*6,3-bladeSuggested battery: 14.8V2200mAh-3200mAh 25cPackage Box details:FMS 1500mm Blue Cessna 182 RC AirpaneMotor: Brushless 3541-KV840 Motor systemECS: 40AServos: 4x9gPropeller: 11*6,3-bladeFixe landing gear setIt requires:6 Channel Radio4S 14.8V 2200mAh-3200mAh 25c LiPo BatteryLiPo chargerURL is
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In recent years, advancements in drone technology have revolutionized various industries, from agriculture to search and rescue operations. Among these innovations, thermal imaging drones have emerged as a game-changer, offering unparalleled capabilities in a wide range of applications. In this article, we delve into the fascinating world of thermal imaging drones, exploring their uses, benefits, and the transformative impact they have on diverse fields.

Understanding Thermal Imaging Technology

At the heart of thermal imaging drones lies sophisticated infrared (IR) sensors capable of detecting and measuring heat emitted by objects. Unlike traditional cameras, which rely on visible light to capture images, thermal cameras detect infrared radiation, allowing them to visualize temperature variations across surfaces. This ability to "see" heat signatures makes thermal imaging drones invaluable tools for a myriad of tasks, especially in environments where visibility is compromised or where traditional methods fall short.


Applications Across Industries

The versatility of thermal imaging drones transcends industry boundaries, finding applications in fields such as:

1. Search and Rescue:

In emergency situations, every second counts. Thermal imaging drones Autel EVO II 640T V3 equipped with infrared cameras can swiftly locate missing persons or detect heat signatures in disaster zones, even in low-light conditions or dense vegetation. Their ability to detect body heat makes them indispensable tools for first responders, significantly expediting search and rescue operations and improving outcomes.


2. Precision Agriculture:

Optimizing crop yield and monitoring plant health are paramount in modern agriculture. Thermal imaging drones provide farmers with invaluable insights into crop vigor, irrigation efficiency, and pest infestations. By detecting temperature differentials across fields, farmers can identify areas requiring intervention, such as irrigation adjustments or pest control measures, thereby maximizing productivity while minimizing resource usage.

3. Building Inspections:

Traditional methods of building inspections often involve manual labor and pose safety risks. Thermal imaging drones offer a safer, more efficient alternative by enabling inspectors to identify structural anomalies, insulation deficiencies, and moisture intrusion remotely. By detecting temperature variations indicative of potential issues, such as water leaks or electrical hotspots, thermal imaging drones facilitate proactive maintenance and prevent costly damage.

4. Wildlife Conservation:

Monitoring wildlife populations and combatting poaching are ongoing challenges for conservationists. At the same time, thermal imaging drones can be used to monitor the number and living habits of wild species and provide assistance for hunting wild boars, elk, coyotes, etc. Thermal imaging drone hunting has also become a pastime for most families in the United States.


5. Security and Surveillance: 

Securing critical infrastructure and ensuring public safety require robust surveillance measures. Thermal imaging drones enhance security protocols by offering enhanced visibility during nighttime operations and in challenging environments. From perimeter patrols to monitoring border crossings, these drones provide security personnel with a tactical advantage, enabling proactive threat detection and rapid response.

Advantages of Thermal Imaging Drones

The adoption of thermal imaging drones confers numerous advantages, including:

- Enhanced Visibility: Thermal imaging drones excel in environments with poor visibility, such as dense foliage, smoke, or darkness, thanks to their ability to detect heat signatures.

- Remote Monitoring: By capturing thermal data from a distance, drones eliminate the need for manual inspections in hazardous or hard-to-reach locations, enhancing safety and efficiency.

- Cost-Effectiveness: The use of drones for aerial inspections and surveillance reduces operational costs associated with manned aircraft or ground-based methods, making it a cost-effective solution for various industries.

- Data Accuracy: Thermal imaging drones provide precise temperature measurements and detailed thermal maps, enabling informed decision-making and targeted interventions.

Challenges and Future Outlook

While thermal imaging drones offer tremendous potential, they are not without challenges. Issues such as limited flight time, regulatory constraints, and data interpretation complexities require ongoing innovation and collaboration to address effectively. 

However, with advancements in drone technology and continued research, these challenges can be overcome, unlocking even greater possibilities for thermal imaging applications.

Looking ahead, the future of thermal imaging drones is promising. As their capabilities evolve and their adoption becomes more widespread, we can expect to see further integration into diverse industries and novel applications emerging. 

From environmental monitoring to infrastructure inspection, thermal imaging drones are poised to redefine how we perceive and interact with the world around us, ushering in a new era of innovation and progress.

In conclusion, Thermal imaging drones for sale have made their way into our surroundings and have great potential to revolutionize multiple fields by harnessing the power of infrared technology and aviation capabilities.

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T-MOTOR is well-known as a worldwide manufacturer that provides industrial uav bldc motor, ESC, and carbon fiber propellers with 13+ years of experience. With our principle of the quality-oriented, our products are recognized in a very short time by many famous drone companies, militaries, and governments for their VTOL, logistics, protection projects, etc. BLDC Motor Power Range: 0-40KW+ Propeller Diameter: 0-75inch+ T-MOTOR has the widest range of drone propulsion power in the industry while supporting OEM and ODM

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Our knowledge of physics tells us that we do require air (or "fluid" as they say in physics) to fly drones.
But what if it was possible to take a drone's air with it into outer space ? How ? By fitting an air-tight enclosure around the drone.
Ok ... wait ... physics will have something to say about that too! ... it won't fly! ... Net zero force
Newton's 3rd law will prohibit it ... and yes that is true ... if we constrain our minds with current flight machines designs.

... ok explain ...

What if it was possible to come up with a new drone propulsion design ... one that bend (or curve) the ejected propeller air, all the time!
Would that imply that the ejected air will never form a jet stream and will lose it's kinetic energy quickly ?

Ok, say that could work, but how would the re-action forces on the drone be used so that the drone can move in a pre-determined direction ( be controlled ) ?
The answer for that is also given by physics ... vectors with a resultant vector.
Ok, surely you will need more than vectors ?
Yes, add some some Arduino wizardry - 1 or 2 very unique algorithms - together with an IMU ( like a Bosch BNO055), plus a few other parts ...
and you have an outward spinning drone! What is an outward spinning drone ?

                The Droverbot

Propelling any vehicle in a pre-determined direction while the entire vehicle continues to rotate (outward spinning) is a groundbreaking innovation in propulsion.
With current mainstream propulsion vehicles, the engines (or motors) provide thrust via the axle in a hub,
e.g. car wheels with an axle at the centre, for propellers with an axle at the centre.
But with the experimental drone above, the thrusters are located on the spokes and rim of the octagon frame.

This propulsion system have distinct characteristics that can be exploited, with huge potential as explored in this post.

Ok, but the droverbot drone is not flying as shown above. Why ?
There are several reasons why I chosed to propel the experimental drone horizontal and not vertical, but it is a story for another time.

But just to indicate how vertical flight might work, please click the link below for another video, it is an early 2D simulation I’ve build a few years
ago which shows just that

               Vertical Flight Simulation

The 2D simulator software I used, only had rocket thrusters for propulsion, which would've been a limiting factor if
this simulation had to be build in the real world, with the forces shown in the simulation.

However, it does illustrate how an outward spinning object perform vertical flight.
The Droverbot (shown in the first video) method of propulsion is far more matured, versatile and capable of vertical flight as shown in this early simulation.
(See the Whitepaper in the link, further down below to understand the drone’s method of propulsion.)

Key aspects of this experimental drone (or “droverbot”) that set it apart.

  • This drone has the ability to propel in a straight line in a predetermined direction while the entire drone (including its thrusters) is rotating continuously.
  • The continuous rotation of the entire drone creates an interesting phenomenon where the air is distributed once it leaves the propeller blades,
    resulting from the entire drone's rotating motion.
  • Powered by 8 brushless motors and propellers, this drone exhibits both linear and rotational motion.
    Four motors managing linear motion and four rotational motion.
  • Modular in design, this drone can be scaled up by adding more drones to a common platform, creating larger drones that can be further scaled,
    only limited by practicality.
    The central hub of the drone (centroid) allows for an axle to be fitted, providing the flexibility and versatility to scale.

Key Properties

  • The reaction forces generated by the motor-propellers on the drone due to ejected air (action forces) are harnessed as vectors in
    such a way that they cause a consistent resultant vector. The resultant vector (direction and force) can be chosen and adjusted as needed.
  • Since air is distributed behind motor-propellers continuously, it is not reinforced with additional ejected air,
    leading to quicker weakening of the kinetic energy of the ejected air compared to other propulsion systems
    where ejected air is continuously reinforced (e.g. jet streams behind an airplane’s propellers).
  • This experimental drone, as shown in the video, can propel along a horizontal plane.
    With further development, the drone can be orientated vertically and should be able to propel upward into the atmosphere.
    Each drone is capable of propelling along one plane, and when multiple drones are combined, they can move in any direction in three-dimensional space.
    Individual drones can be connected modularly to a common frame by attaching an axle to each drone hub at its centroid.


  • The drone's resultant vector can be directed to any degree within 360 degrees. Direction and force can be adjusted as needed.
    In a multi-drone vehicle, the combined vectors of the drones enable flexible manoeuvring in three-dimensional space.
  • Since there is no reinforced ejected jet stream (as mentioned earlier) and weak kinetic energy that dissipate rapidly when air molecules collide
    with other air molecules at rest, it is feasible to assume that an enclosure (with a sufficient air cushion between propellers and wall) can
    be added around the drone.

    Adding an enclosure will have several key implications:

    • Below follow a few implications when propelling earth-based:

      • An enclosure will solve the problem of dust and debris kicking up from propeller-engines at low altitudes.
      • Unlike rockets with fixed cylinder shapes, an enclosed vehicle with rapid directional changes and
        flexible design shapes will not be limited by high-altitude winds, ensuring flights are not cancelled.
      • The risk of objects (or debris) colliding with propellers will be eliminated with an enclosure.
      • An enclosure will significantly reduce noise pollution caused by conventional airplane propellers.
      • The risk of losing parts will also be eliminated by an enclosure.
      • Taking all of the above into account, the automotive industry should be able to build "real" – flying cars.
    • An air-tight enclosure will enable drones to fly in outer space without requiring an atmosphere.
    • An air-tight enclosure will ensure that all propellant (air) is re-used. Since air does not contain energy,
      the energy source when earth-based, can be battery powered.

      When in outer space, the energy source could be a small nuclear reactor (e.g. “Kilopower” reactor as build by NASA).

      This have the potential to reduce the mass to 10% or less of the vehicle's total mass compared to rockets where
      propellant (with integrated chemical energy source) is over 90% of the vehicle’s total mass.

      With unlimited propellant (re-usable) and long-term energy sources like nuclear re-actors, long-term trips in the solar system and potentially,
      even interstellar travel to neighboring stars becomes feasible from a propulsion system point of view.

      You might wonder if Newton's third law will be upheld when a drone is enclosed.

      With conventional propeller-engine thrusters, this is impossible due to the reinforced ejected jet stream (action force) that is equal
      in strength to the reaction force on the vehicle, in the opposite direction. This results in a net zero force.

      However, with this experimental drone, there is no reinforced, ejected jet stream in the opposite direction.
      Instead, due to its continuous rotation, the ejected air is not reinforced by more air, but is distributed.

      So, how does Newton's third law apply then?

      At a moment (fraction of a second) of air ejection, Newton's third law is applicable, but since the ejected air is not reinforced by the next moment of air ejection
      (which is ejected at a different degree as the drone rotates), no ejected air jet stream is created (in the opposite direction) as with conventional aircraft.

      However, the sum of the distributed air (action force) still equals the sum of the reaction force on the vehicle. Newton's third law is upheld.
      Since multiple drones can be attached to a large platform, which can take any shape (limited only by practicality), various types of vehicles can be built.
      This is not limited to vehicles but could result in large upper atmospheric platforms (even in the atmospheres of other planets) or even platforms in space.

Check out the link below for more in-depth technical details on the drone's construction, functionality, experimental results, and potential applications.

Droverbot - Whitepaper

Explore further by accessing the source code for the drone and additional materials through the provided link below.

The-Droverbot at GitHub

To delve deeper into the details of the drone's design, discover the 3D models available at the following link. (Microsoft 3D Builder)

Next steps

This experimental drone is the starting point, marking the transition from zero to one, for a new type of vehicle. Alot of work will still need to be done
to make this a reality.

To unlock its full potential, it will require a collective effort from a community. This could be a revolutionary innovative project if a community decides so.
My hope is that a community will come together around this project to build upon this effort

Please leave a comment below on your thoughts.

Here is a preliminary high-level plan of the next steps that are needed.

High-Level Action Plan

1. Redesign Drone Frame
The current octagon drone frame requires an overhaul, as it was originally designed to host 16 motors for testing various permutations.
The focus should be on creating a lightweight octagon shape frame that is both structurally reinforced and sized appropriately to withstand forces at play.

2. The source code
The source code needs tidying up and rewriting to accommodate improved algorithms for linear and rotational motion,
as well as integrating the list of permutations to control propulsion in different directions.
This also includes expanding the list of permutations on how the 8 motors can be applied together for vertical flight, and multi-vehicle drone configurations.
As development advances, the codebase have the potential to expand to cater for multi-drones, underwater propulsion, space flight, acceleration and
deceleration in different mediums, and much more.

3. Electronic Components
The drone is constructed using consumer-grade electronics on top of the Arduino platform. Each component requires review and replacement if a better component
can be found that will enhance its versatility in creating a more advanced drone.
For example, the current IMU (Bosch BNO055) has limitations with its magnetometer. Additionally, a GPS should be added and better remote-control radio for starters.

Once vertical tests flights are successful, several drones can then be attached to a central frame, and a single flight control computer will manage them all together.
This will enable the vehicle to move in any direction in 3D space.

5. Enclosure
At the same time (or afterward), a super lightweight, air-tight enclosure will be built to fit around individual drones or the multi-drone vehicle.

When this test succeeds, space travel will become a reality for drones. Enclosed air (as a propellant) will be reused with only the energy source that could deplete.
This will result in the ultimate reusable vehicle. This have the potential to revolutionize transportation and spaceflight forever.

6. Undersea Maneuvers
By modifying the existing design for submerged propulsion, trials can be performed below the surface, replacing air (a fluid) with water.


In Conclusion

I've been working on this project in my spare time for a very long time, and it's now at a stage where I believe the fundamental technology has been develop that can be built upon.
With a community involved, progress can be faster and who knows where this effort can go!

I want to thank God Almighty for carrying me over the years to continue, for my family supporting me.
It would have been impossible to get to this point without them.

Please leave your comments below.


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How can BVLOS drone operations be conducted in Europe, especially using a drone docking station? When it comes to flying drones in Europe, understanding the regulations and its entire architecture is important. The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) oversees the regulations across 27 European Union Countries and 4 others including Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland to ensure safe and standardized drone operations.

Recently, we conducted a webinar featuring Matteo Natale, Technical Standards Manager at DJI, focusing on breaking down EU drone regulations, right from the fundamentals to dock operations, while shedding light on the key components that drone operators need to understand.

The EU Regulatory Framework 

There are two main regulations that guide drone operations in Europe: Delegated Regulation 945 and Implementing Regulation 947.

Delegated Regulation (EU) 945/2019:

Delegated Regulation 945 outlines specifications for the design and manufacturing processes of Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS). It sets requirements to ensure the safety, reliability, and compliance of UAS products within the European Union.

Implementing Regulation (EU) 947/2019:

Implementing Regulation 947 establishes rules and procedures governing the operation of Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS) and personnel such as remote pilots within the EU states. It defines the operational requirements to ensure safe and standardized drone activities across member states.

Classification of drone operations

The European airspace categorizes aerial operations into three main types. The regulation in Europe follows the concept of proportionality. These categories are tailored based on the level of risk associated with different drone operations. This regulatory framework applies to both, commercial and non-commercial operations.


Regulatory framework
Regulatory framework

Open category
The Open category pertains to low-risk aerial operations with minimal involvement from authorities. However, there are several technical restrictions and flight limitations to consider. Operators simply need to register their drones, check state insurance requirements, and fly within the operational limits set by the subcategory. The manufacturer, who needs to provide drones with a class identification label, handles any technical restrictions. However, these operations are limited to Visual Line of Sight (VLOS) only and cannot be used for Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) flights

In this category, the drones are restricted to a maximum altitude of 120 meters above ground level and can weigh no more than 25 kilograms. The Open category is further divided into subcategories A1, A2, and A3.-- which may be summarized as follows:

A1: fly over people but not over assemblies of people 

A2: fly close to people

A3: fly far from people

Specific category

The Specific category involves a higher level of involvement from authorities. Unlike the Open category, drones in the Specific category can fly Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS), above 120 meters in altitude, and weigh more than 25 kilograms. Generally, commercial drone operations utilizing docking stations to automate flight operations fall under this category. Operators need to seek operational authorization from the National Aviation Authority (NAA) through the following approvals:

Requirements for the specific category

SORA: It is a risk assessment methodology for drone flights in a specific category that aids in classifying risks, identifying mitigations, and setting safety objectives. SORA helps establish operational limitations, training goals, technical requirements, and operational procedures.

PDRA: The Predefined Risk Assessment (PDRA) is an operational scenario for which EASA has already carried out the risk assessment and has been published as an acceptable means of compliance.

STS: STS is a predefined operation described in EU regulations. An operator is not required to obtain operational authorization to conduct an operation covered by a STS. Two STSs have been published so far:

  • STS 01 – VLOS over a controlled ground area in a populated environment;
  • STS 02 – BVLOS with Airspace Observers over a controlled.

LUC: Light Unmanned Operator Certificate (LUC) is an optional certification that grants privileges, such as starting operations in a specific category without requiring operational authorization. Operators can voluntarily request an assessment from their NAA to evaluate their capability to assess operational risks.

Certified category
The Certified category is designated as high-risk and operates under a regulatory framework akin to crewed aviation. This category applies to operations involving elevated risks such as transporting passengers, carrying dangerous goods, and flying over assemblies of people with drones positioned above three meters.

Understanding Class Identification Label

According to EU regulations, Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS) are classified into seven distinct categories known as Class Identification Labels. The specifications and physical characteristics of the drone are what determine its classification. These labels range from C0 to C6, with drones in the C0 class weighing less than 250 grams and those in the C6 class weighing less than 25 kilograms. They apply to both the open and specific categories.

Following are the technical requirements and limitations for all class-labeled drones:

These labels provide clarity for drone operators and regulatory authorities alike. They ensure that drones are appropriately matched with the level of risk associated with their operation. By categorizing drones into specific classes, the regulations have been tailored to address the varying levels of risk posed by different types of drones. This approach promotes safety, accountability, and standardization across the drone industry.

The specific category includes class labels C5 and C6. They require the implementation of a geocaging system, enabling remote pilots to establish a virtual perimeter and a programmable boundary for their operations. Additionally, a flight termination system (FTS) must be available for emergencies.

Remote ID requirements

According to EASA, starting from January 1st, operations in the open category require drones with a class label. But, if you have already bought a drone without a label before January 2024, you can still fly it in subcategories A1, A2, and A3, depending upon the weight of the drone. Additionally, from January 1st, 2024, all drones in the specific category and those with class labels 1 and above must have an active remote identification system.

Remote ID allows drones to provide identification and location information while airborne, which can be received through a broadcast signal. This feature is essential for ground safety and security in drone operations. Moreover, Remote IDs help EASA, law enforcement, and regulatory bodies identify whether the drones are operating unsafely or in prohibited areas.

Obtaining operational approvals for the Specific category operations

The Specific category encompasses a wide range of activities, from commercial endeavors to specialized missions that require a higher level of involvement from regulatory authorities. To ensure compliance and safety, operators must undergo a rigorous process of obtaining approvals. By understanding and following these steps, operators can navigate the complexities of the Specific category.

Risk Assesment
  1. Concept of Operations (ConOps): In the drone industry, ConOps outlines how drone systems are used in specific operational environments. It details the roles of drones, user responsibilities, various flight and mission scenarios, as well as maintenance and support protocols, guiding stakeholders through the development, implementation, and usage stages.

  2. Risk Assessment: This assessment helps evaluate potential hazards and assesses the level of risk associated with the proposed drone operation. These assessments could be in the form of Specific Operations Risk Assessment (SORA), Predefined Risk Assessment (PDRA),  Standard Scenario (STS), or Light UAS Operator Certificate (LUC), as mentioned above.

  3. Training: Operators should undergo specific training to demonstrate proficiency in operating drones within the Specific category. These training sessions could cover topics such as flight planning, emergency response, and compliance with regulations. Training ensures that operators have the necessary skills and knowledge to conduct operations safely and effectively.

  4. Approvals: The national aviation authorities evaluate the proposed ConOps and if all the requirements regarding mitigating potential risks are met, they grant approval for the operation to proceed.

  5. Flight: Once the approvals are completed one can conduct the drone operations.

Understanding the Specific Operations Risk Assessment (SORA) in detail

According to EASA “SORA is a methodology for the classification of the risk posed by a drone flight in the specific category of operations and for the identification of mitigations and of the safety objectives.” The following 10 steps explain the process of obtaining the SORA approval.

1. Concept of Operations (ConOps): Presenting an organization's system and operations to relevant authorities for approval.

2. Intrinsic Ground Risk Class (GRC): Determining inherent ground risk based on factors like the presence of people or buildings.

3. Final Ground Risk Class (GRC): Assessing ground risk after implementing mitigations to address potential hazards.

4. Initial Air Risk Class (ARC): Evaluating air risk factors before each operation, such as airspace congestion or weather conditions.

5. Strategic Air Risk Mitigations: Applying pre-flight measures to mitigate air risk, like ensuring drones are weather-resistant.

6. Tactical Air Risk Mitigations: Implementing in-flight measures, such as automatic hover or return-home programming.

7. Final Specific Assurance and Integrity Level (SAIL): Determining the overall safety level by combining ground and air risk assessments.

8. Operational Safety Objectives (OSOs): Identifying specific safety objectives based on the organization's SAIL.

9. Adjacent Area and Airspace Considerations: Developing strategies to mitigate risks of encroachment on nearby airspace or ground areas during operations.

10. Comprehensive Safety Portfolio: Compiling all assessment results into detailed safety documentation.

SORA categorizes the risk of an operation into six levels, denoted as SAIL levels, ranging from I to VI. This classification is derived from a comprehensive evaluation that combines both Ground Risk and Air Risk factors. Each SAIL level corresponds to specific requirements that operators must adhere to, meticulously tailored to mitigate the identified risks inherent to the operation. By employing SORA, operators can effectively evaluate and manage the risk landscape associated with their drone operations, ensuring safety and regulatory compliance across the board.

Risk Assesment

SAIL II operations with DJI Dock and FlytBase

DJI Dock operations can be conducted for SAIL II levels, for which it is essential to achieve a Ground Risk level of 3. It depends on factors like drone and dock size, as well as population density. Currently, the Matrice 30, coupled with the DJI Dock can be easily flown Beyond Visual Line of Sight over a sparsely populated area, while the smaller drone Matrice 3D coupled with the recently released, Dock 2 can potentially fly over a populated area.

However, Ground Risk mitigation, such as parachutes should be integrated to lower the Ground Risk down to a level of 3. Additionally, a Flight Termination System (FTS) is a crucial element to be considered, which might be required to operate the drones close to adjacent areas with a particularly higher level of risk.

EASA's SAIL III compliance, issued on December 18, 2023, provides comprehensive guidance regarding Flight Termination Systems (FTS) in drone operations. It says that drones must be protected from human errors, particularly in situations leading to a loss of control. These situations encompass various scenarios such as crashes with ground, infrastructure, or people.

The compliance emphasizes preventing pilots from selecting parameters that could directly result in a loss of control, including actions such as selecting non-active communication links, deactivating safety functions necessary for operation, and activating flight termination systems during normal operations.

The compliance emphasizes preventing pilots from selecting parameters that could directly result in a loss of control, including actions such as selecting non-active communication links, deactivating safety functions necessary for operation, and activating flight termination systems during normal operations.

FlytBase offers an enterprise-grade drone autonomy platform for streamlined aerial data collection enabling automated BVLOS flights using docking stations. Users can establish custom Geofences and manage No Fly Zones (NFZs) to ensure safety and compliance with regulations. The platform integrates advanced technologies like Detect and Avoid (DAA) systems and ADS-B for airspace awareness, alongside onboard connectivity options and parachute recovery systems. Also, one can access detailed flight logs with automatic PDF reports for safety demonstration and regulatory compliance. 

Conclusion and way ahead

In conclusion, the EU drone regulations provide a comprehensive framework to ensure the safe and responsible use of uncrewed aircraft systems. From the Open to the Specific category, each level is tailored to the associated risk, fostering innovation while prioritizing safety.

Looking ahead, recent updates from EASA bring promising changes. SAIL 3 operations, previously requiring a design verification report, now become more accessible. Manufacturers can declare compliance through means of compliance (MoCs), providing a pathway to broader Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) operations without the need for extensive verification processes.

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Large-load agricultural spraying drones have been needed by more and more people.

They can greatly shorten pesticide spraying time. Large-flow atomized spraying ensures the spraying effect of drones.

One-click take-off is safe and labor-saving.

Hereby share a new launched agricultural drone which requires buyers to assemble themselves.


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Embarking on the thrilling adventure of FPV (First-Person View) drone flying is a journey of skill, precision, and aerial exploration. For both novices eager to take their first flight and experienced pilots looking to refine their maneuvers, FPV drone simulators offer a risk-free and immersive platform to practice and perfect flying techniques. This comprehensive guide shines a spotlight on the diverse world of FPV drone simulators, helping you navigate through the options to find the simulator that best matches your flying dreams and proficiency level. In the real fpv drone, you can use meps 2806.5 , meps 2408meps 1804.

Leading FPV Drone Simulators Breakdown

  • Beginner-Friendly Choice: DRL Simulator
  • Racing Purists and Users with Legacy Systems: VelociDrone
  • For Lovers of Freestyle and Cinematic Flights: Tryp FPV
  • A Well-Rounded Pick for Various Styles: Liftoff
  • Tiny Whoop Enthusiasts' Go-To: Tiny Whoop GO
  • Best Free and Mobile Option (Android): SkyDive

Delve into the specifics of these simulators to identify your ideal partner in FPV flight training.

Understanding FPV Drone Simulators

FPV drone simulators serve as virtual gateways to the world of drone piloting, offering a realistic and engaging experience of flying drones from a first-person perspective no matter what kv you use such as 11000KV brushless motor4600KV burshless motor. Far from being mere games, these simulators are sophisticated training environments that mimic the physics and dynamics of real-world drone flight. They provide a safe and controlled setting for pilots to enhance their flying abilities, without the concerns of weather or the potential for costly accidents.

Embarking on Your Simulator Journey

To truly benefit from an FPV simulator, using a radio controller that mirrors real-world drone controls is crucial. This approach ensures skill development that translates directly to actual drone flying, thanks to muscle memory. The simulators highlighted in this guide support most radio controllers with USB connectivity, ensuring a smooth transition to the virtual skies.

If your controller lacks USB support, don't worry—there are solutions involving a flight controller and receiver to bridge this connectivity gap.

The Convenience of Steam

Steam is the primary distribution platform for accessing a wide array of FPV drone simulators. It provides a user-friendly interface for purchasing, playing, and updating your simulation software. Steam’s consumer-friendly return policy also allows you to explore different simulators risk-free, ensuring you find the perfect match for your needs.

Exploring Each Simulator in Detail

Tryp FPV

New to the scene but making waves with its stunning graphics and expansive environments, Tryp FPV appeals to pilots with powerful gaming setups looking for a visually immersive flying experience. Although it may not offer the most comprehensive training tools, its customization options and variety of maps make it a paradise for freestyle and cinematic drone pilots.


Uncrashed stands out for its exceptional visual fidelity, offering an immersive and smooth flying experience that sets a new standard in aesthetics. While its focus on freestyle over racing might not cater to everyone, its engaging maps and activities promise a rewarding flying adventure.


Striking a balance between features, accessibility, and price, Liftoff caters to a broad spectrum of pilots, from beginners to experts. It may not specialize in any particular niche, but its comprehensive suite of features and strong community support position it as a highly versatile and appealing choice.


Dedicated to the racing community, VelociDrone excels in delivering realistic flight physics and a competitive racing experience. Its efficient performance on older computers and a vibrant multiplayer community make it a favorite among racers and those looking to push their limits.

The DRL Simulator

With a robust set of features at an accessible price, the DRL Simulator is tailored to a wide audience, offering something for everyone. From comprehensive training modules to competitive multiplayer racing and the chance to participate in real-world DRL competitions, it presents a full-fledged FPV flying experience.

Concluding Thoughts

FPV drone simulators are invaluable assets for drone pilots, offering a practical and enjoyable means to refine flying skills in a risk-free environment. By selecting a simulator that aligns with your flying goals and preferences, you can significantly enrich your FPV journey. Here's to soaring to new heights in your FPV piloting adventure!


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All About the DJI Dock 2 - DIY Drones

Amidst the continuous evolution of uncrewed aerial systems (UAS) technology, DJI has once again raised the bar by introducing DJI Dock  2, which is on its way to release worldwide, on 26th March 2024. To know more about Dock 2, feel free to contact us.

The previous version of DJI Dock has proven its effectiveness across various industries. In Alaska, the Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (DoT&FR) deployed the docking station to enhance safety measures during avalanche and geohazard incidents. Thanks to its resilient design and rapid charging capabilities, the dock facilitated continuous drone operations, particularly crucial for Drone as First Responder (DFR) missions.

Meanwhile, in Bisamberg, Austria, it played an important role in inspecting a major substation, ensuring the integrity and security of essential energy infrastructure. By enabling regular inspections and maintenance checks, it provided the Austrian Power Grid’s (APG) team with real-time updates on the substation's condition. This approach significantly minimized downtime by detecting faults early on, thereby helping improve the reliability of the electricity supply throughout Austria.

The DJI Dock 2, along with the DJI Matrice 3D and 3DT drones, is expected to reshape the approaches of industries engaged in surveying, inspections, and public safety in their remote, uncrewed operations.

Curious about what DJI Dock 2 has to offer? Explore this buyer's guide to get all the information you need. Discover its features, compatibility, and important factors to help you make an informed decision. ‍

Which features set DJI Dock 2 apart from its predecessor?

The DJI Dock 2 distinguishes itself from DJI Dock, through several impactful enhancements. 

Two people are going to lift DJI dock 2

1. Weight and Design: 

DJI Dock 2 boasts a 75% reduction in volume and a 68% reduction in weight compared to its predecessor. Weighing only 34kgs, this version facilitates easier, quicker, and more cost-effective deployment of autonomous drone fleets.

2. Durability and Weather Resistance:

Dock 2 retains the durability of its predecessor with an IP55 rating, being resilient against harsh weather conditions, dust, and water.

3. Coverage and Efficiency: 

The DJI Matrice 3DT and Matrice 3D drones have a maximum flight time of 50 minutes and a maximum operational range of 10km when used with the DJI Dock 2, surpassing the capabilities of DJI Dock which offers a maximum flight time of 40 minutes and a maximum operational range of 7km.

4. RTK Modules:

The integrated dual RTK modules on the DJI Dock 2, coupled with internal and external fisheye cameras, provide real-time environmental feedback. This enables real-time blade detection, safety checks, and takeoff in just 45 seconds, given that there is a robust network signal.

5. Charging Capabilities:

Dock 1 charges drones from 10% to 90% in around 25 minutes at 24V output, while Dock 2 achieves this from 20% to 90% in roughly 32 minutes at 12V. Both docks offer over 5 hours of independent charge for safe Return-to-Home (RTH) functionality.

6. Improved Landing & Power Supply: 

DJI Dock 2 enhances landing stability and reliability through an improved image recognition system and a sloped design that guides the drone for precise positioning within the dock. For added security, it comes with a built-in backup battery that provides over 5 hours of operation in case of power loss or remote locations. Additionally, DJI Dock 2 only requires biannual maintenance, minimizing downtime and costs.

7. Third-party Payload Support: 

DJI Dock 2 offers increased versatility by supporting third-party payloads through M3D/M3DT E-Port. This allows for mounting payloads like spotlights, speakers, and parachutes, expanding the drone's capabilities and ensuring safety.

Two mechanic setting up the Dock 2
DJI Dock 2 setup

Here’s a comparative study of the specifications of the DJI Dock 1 and Dock 2

 DJI Dock 2DJI Dock 1
Weight34 kg105 kg
SizeDock opened: 1228 x 583 x 412mm
Dock closed: 570 x 583 x 465mm
Dock opened: 1675 x 885 x 735mm
Dock closed: 800 x 885 x 1065mm
Input Voltage100 ~ 240 V, 50/60 Hz100 ~ 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz
Input PowerMax. 1000 WMax. 1500 W
Temperature-25°C ~ 45°C-35°C ~ 50°C
IP RatingIP55IP55
Max Take-off Altitude2500 m4000 m
Max Operation Radius10 km7 km
Compatible DronesDJI Matrice 3D
DJI Matrice 3DT
DJI M30 (Dock version)
DJI M30T (Dock version)
Charge32 min (20% - 90%)25 min (10% - 90%)
Battery Cycles400400
Backup BatteryMore than 5 hoursMore than 5 hours
DevelopmentCloud API + edge computingCloud API + edge computing

Dock 2 and its seamless operations with compatible drones

The DJI Dock 1 was designed for use with the DJI Matrice 30 and 30T drones. The key features of these drones include a 41-minute flight time, 12 m/s wind resistance, and compatibility with various third-party payloads.

However, DJI Dock 2 is designed to work seamlessly with the new DJI Matrice 3D and Matrice 3DT drones. 

The new DJI drone named Matrice 3D and 3DT
The new DJI drones Matrice 3D and 3DT

The Matrice 3D

  • Best suited for applications such as surveying and mapping
  • Equipped with a telephoto zoom camera and a wide camera with a special shutter

The Matrice 3DT 

  • Specifically designed for tasks like public safety, surveys, and inspections 
  • Features wide-angle, telephoto zoom, and thermal cameras, simultaneously capturing regular and heat-sensitive video.

Both drones share impressive features like an IP54 protection level, up to 50 minutes of flight time, a maximum speed of 47 mph, and a strong battery life that can handle 400 cycles, significantly reducing operational costs. Additionally, they have an RTK module, enabling them to land with remarkable accuracy when used with the DJI Dock 2.

Use cases and applications of DJI Dock 2

Multiple case studies have proven that the DJI Dock 1 can help transform applications like security and inspections where close monitoring and surveillance are required.

Interestingly, along with the previously mentioned use cases of Dock 1, due to the wide-angle, telephoto zoom, and thermal cameras of Matrice 3D/3DT, the DJI Dock 2 can now also be used for advanced mapping and surveying.

DJI dock 2 deployed for the inspection
DJI Dock 2 use case

Let's explore the applications of Dock 2 in detail:

  • Surveying and Mapping: Matrice 3D's high-precision cameras and the DJI Dock 2's autonomous deployment capabilities make it ideal for surveying and mapping large areas, construction sites, or infrastructure projects.

  • Security and Inspections: The Matrice 3DT's thermal camera and long flight time are well-suited for security patrols, perimeter monitoring, and inspecting critical infrastructure like pipelines or wind turbines.

  • Emergency Response: The DJI Dock 2's quick deployment and the drones' ability to operate in various weather conditions make them valuable tools for search and rescue operations, fire response, and disaster assessment. 

  • Public Safety: The Matrice 3DT's thermal and zoom capabilities can assist law enforcement in search operations, crowd monitoring, and crime scene investigation.

DJI Dock 2 integration with FlytBase Software Platform

compatible software for dock 2

The DJI Dock 2, powered by FlytBase, will offer a comprehensive solution for remote drone operations. FlytBase is an enterprise-grade drone autonomy software platform that enables efficient autonomous drone operations, allowing missions to be planned and scheduled in advance and executed with minimal human intervention. FlytBase integration with DJI Dock 2 will offer customizable and scalable features suitable for various use cases, including inspections, surveillance, surveying, and security.

By incorporating a variety of Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) components – such as parachutes, detect-and-avoid systems, uncrewed traffic management, and weather systems – FlytBase ensures that drone operations are reliable and secure.

Leveraging FlytBase, customers and partners have successfully obtained BVLOS certifications from top aviation authorities in 10 countries, including the FAA in the United States, EASA in Europe, CASA in Australia, SACAA in South Africa, JCAB in Japan, and CAAM in Malaysia. The platform also goes beyond basic mission planning by offering advanced features like dynamic route planning and customized flight workflows, all designed to align with regulatory standards.

In addition, FlytBase prioritizes data security by adhering to leading data protection standards. The platform is ISO 27001, SOC2 Type II certified, and GDPR compliant. To know more about the integration of FlytBase with the DJI Dock 2, feel free to contact us.


In conclusion, the DJI Dock 2 marks a significant advancement over its predecessor, DJI Dock 1 in the drone autonomy industry. Offering improved features and performance at an affordable price, DJI Dock 2 leads the way in remote flight operations, setting new standards for efficiency and reliability in autonomous aerial operations and making it a must-have for industries embracing drone technology advancements.

Unlock the Full Potential of DJI Dock 2 with FlytBase Speak to our experts. Request A Quote

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When an FPV drone's motor halts abruptly, causing the drone to crash, it's often a sign of ESC Desynchronization. This guide explores the causes and provides strategies for correcting ESC desyncs through adjustments in BLHeli and Betaflight configurations no mater you are using sush as 1800KV brushless motorsmall drone motor2806.5 Brushless Motor..

Understanding ESC Desync

Not every crash signifies an ESC desync. For example, a drone plummeting without spinning might indicate a failsafe or power loss. An ESC desync typically results in the drone spinning or flipping uncontrollably.

Analyzing Blackbox logs is the most effective method to diagnose an ESC desync, characterized by a motor stalling (ceasing to spin, thereby not generating lift), which in turn causes the drone to increase the motor's signal to its maximum 100%.

Without Blackbox, scrutinizing DVR footage closely can also hint at which motor suffered from the desync based on the direction of the drone's roll—the affected motor is usually the first to drop.


Causes of ESC Desync

ESC desync can arise from:

  • Motor RPM exceeding the ESC's capability.
  • Excessive electrical interference.

A high motor RPM can prevent the ESC from detecting the motor’s “zero crossing” point (commutation), and electrical interference can compound this issue. If the ESC fails to detect the “zero crossing,” it won't know when to activate the next pulse, causing the motor to stall eventually.

Addressing ESC Desync

Mitigating ESC Desync involves adjusting settings in BLHeli and Betaflight. Not all adjustments may be necessary simultaneously, but a combination thereof could resolve the problem.

First and foremost, ensure a low ESR capacitor is soldered to your ESC’s power input to minimize electrical noise, which is often a primary culprit.

BLHeli Adjustments:

  • Rampup Power (or Startup Power): Opt for a lower setting, such as 0.125 in BLHeli_S or 12% in BLHeli_32. Increase the rampup power incrementally if the motors stutter upon arming, until the motors initiate smoothly without inducing desync.
  • Demag Compensation: Increase to high to enhance the drone's ability to recover from desync episodes, though it might slightly impact performance.

Adjust these settings only if you encounter desync issues.

Betaflight Adjustments:

  • DShot ESC Protocol: Switch to DShot if not already in use.
  • Motor Idle Throttle Value: The standard setting is 5.5, which may be too low for smaller quads. Consider adjusting to a higher value, such as 6.5 or 7.


By following these strategies, your ESC Desync issues should be resolved, paving the way for fine-tuning your quad with these 10 easy steps

Enjoy your flight!

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My First Flight with the Dynam FPV Experience

Embarking on my maiden flight with the Dynam system was a journey that seamlessly melded the thrill of piloting a drone with the immersive experience of First Person View (FPV). The anticipation was palpable as I prepared to explore the skies from an entirely new perspective, and the Dynam FPV system was my gateway to this exhilarating world.

Unboxing and Setup:

The excitement began with the unboxing of the Dynam FPV equipment. Carefully unpacking the components revealed a sophisticated system that promised to elevate my drone flying experience. The setup process, while requiring attention to detail, was well-guided by clear instructions, setting the stage for what lay ahead.

Entering the Pilot's Seat:

As I donned the FPV goggles, the world around me faded away, replaced by a real-time feed from the drone's perspective. It was a moment of transformation, as I found myself seated in the virtual cockpit, ready to take flight. The immersive nature of FPV immediately heightened my senses, creating a profound connection between the drone and me.

Takeoff and Aerial Exploration:

Gently pushing the throttle, the drone lifted off the ground, and the Dynam FPV system instantly transported me into the heart of the action. The feeling of soaring through the air while seated on the ground was surreal. As I navigated the drone through the skies, the responsiveness of the FPV controls added a layer of precision and control that traditional flying couldn't replicate.

Real-Time Visual Feast:

The Dynam FPV system's real-time video feed became a visual feast, showcasing the world from a vantage point that was both thrilling and breathtaking. It wasn't just about piloting a drone; it was about experiencing the world from a perspective previously reserved for birds and aviators.

Immersive Maneuvers:

Executing maneuvers became an art form with the Dynam FPV system. The ability to seamlessly weave through obstacles and execute intricate turns with the precision of a seasoned pilot added a dynamic and immersive element to the flight. It was a dance in the sky, and I was in complete control.

Exploring New Horizons:

As I ventured further into the flight, the Dynam FPV system allowed me to explore landscapes and terrains with a level of intimacy that surpassed my expectations. Whether flying over treetops, skimming across bodies of water, or gliding through urban landscapes, the FPV experience expanded my understanding of what it meant to be a drone pilot.

Challenges and Growth:

While the thrill of FPV flying was undeniable, it came with its own set of challenges. Adapting to the speed and depth perception of FPV required practice, and mastering the art of smooth transitions between different altitudes demanded a learning curve. Yet, each challenge became a stepping stone toward becoming a more skilled and confident FPV pilot.

The Future of FPV Adventures:

In conclusion, my first flight with the Dynam FPV system was a transformative experience that opened up new dimensions in the world of drone flying. The blend of technology and immersion offered by FPV has redefined the possibilities of aerial exploration. As I look forward to future FPV adventures, the Dynam system stands as a key to unlocking the limitless skies and a testament to the ever-evolving world of drone technology.

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Hi T-MOTOR U8II LITE KV85 users 🧐 come to participate in the trade-in activity!
Limited stock, only $129.99 can get a total new U8II LITE KV85, free shipping for orders over $200.
Enjoy this activity with only two steps:
1. Send a private message to the email
2. Send the purchase record (for more than one year) and motor pictures to the email

Easy to get what you can get

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The VT-Naut VTOSL (Vertical Takeoff and Short Landing) fixed-wing drone, is an innovative aerial solution meticulously designed to cater to diverse applications, including high-precision mapping, surveying, inspection, scouting, observation, and agriculture, covering very large areas per flight. 

The Aeromao VT-Naut stands as the world’s first vertical takeoff fixed-wing drone capable of water landings, making it ideal for ship-board or coastal operations. 

The uncluttered, unaltered pure fixed wing performance of the VT Naut stands as an lightweight and uncomplicated system with all up weight of 3,700 grs and 2 m wingspan. The clean aerodynamic design of the VT-Naut has no tilt mechanisms that can fail, no extra booms, no additional motors for vertical flight and no unnecessary weight.

Features a long range telemetry link of 30kms, up to 90 mins flight endurance and a compact and indestructible body design.

Catering to the discerning needs of users in search of extensive surveying capabilities through a fixed-wing drone, the VT-Naut UAV system eliminates the additional costs linked to acquiring and operating a VTOL multirotor drone. They can experience unparalleled efficiency without compromising sophistication as the company redefines the landscape of large-area surveying.

The VT Naut addresses the needs of those seeking a cost-effective alternative to a full VTOL platform and who has some degree of flexibility for landing site selection and who requires to survey vast areas, all at a fraction of the cost of other VTOL fixed-wing drones.

Already available with 24MP, 42Mp and 61Mp high resolution mapping cameras camera, a 4K 3-axis surveillance package and Micasense Rededge-P.

Crafted with ingenuity, the VT-Naut is offered as a resilient, modular future-proof solution that transcends the conventional.


About Aeromao:

Aeromao Inc. initiated operations in Canada in 2011 and after already more than 10 years of experience offering mapping services internationally with UAVs and Remotely Piloted Aerial Vehicles (RPAVs), well before other manufacturers. Since 2012 we focus on the manufacturing of turnkey UAV systems, subsystem sales, and comprehensive support services, assisting customers with the integration of the UAVs into their workflows to maximize results and increase their return on investment.

For more information visit:


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Pressure nozzles and centrifugal nozzles are suitable for different spraying needs due to different sizes of spray droplets. For example, for insecticides , prefer to be 10-50μm ,suitable for pressure nozzles, especially for palm trees, plantains, etc..For herbicides and Nutrients, the optimal size is 100-500 μm ,and centrifugal nozzle is more suitable. Especially for rice, wheat, fruits and other crops which requires small atomization diameter to get uniform and fine, and reduce the damage. During spraying operations, the nozzles can be quickly switched to achieve the best drug effect.
Sharing a tutorial video about chaging the Nozzles. Welcome to discuss more about the agri drone tech ~

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