500 Grams of thrust 90mm EDF with Turnigy L2210-1650


Cobbled together 90 mm fan with 250 Watt  Turnigy L2210-1650 Bell Style Motor (250w) seeing if I can get decent efficiency from a small fan turning slower. 


On 14.8 Volts its pushing almost 500 Grams, not so bad thrust mapping is as follows.

100 Grams 1.9 A 27.6 Watts
156 Grams 3.0 A 42.9 Watts
197 Grams 3.9 A 55.1 Watts
257 Grams 5.5 A 76.0 Watts
296 Grams 6.7 A 90.9 Watts
340 Grams 7.9 A 105.5 Watts
432 Grams 10.7 A 138.1 Watts
492 Grams 12.5 A 155.7 Watts

The data in a spread sheet

The tests were run on two 7.4V 1300mAh Turnigy 20C Lipo's in series, I figure the motor will survive full throttle bursts on 4C and its 10 Amps short of the max, 100 Watts below its spec.

Its surprising as the same motor with a 8 X 6 prop pulled 23.3 Amps on a 3C yielding 520 Grams of thrust at 232.3 Watts.


Weighs around 150 grams.

Need a plane for it should be pretty ugly with such a big fan

Thust               500 Grams
EDF & Motor 150 Grams
Battery            178 Grams
If the air frame can be built in 172 grams it will have an thrust to mass ratio of 1:1 pretty ambitious
@ 1:1.75 its 230 Grams
@ 1:1.5 its 344 Grams

Foam and Coroplast SPAD for the EDF Jet

A mass of 500 or 750 grams give a wing loading's of 13 oz/ft² and 19 oz/ft² respectively
Wing area 1.3855 ft²
Dihedral 5º
Kf2 A symmetric trapezoidal wings and tail plane
My Xbee based controller with appropriate RX software for the Jet

I will probably let the top stick out above the fuselage structure as its really a pusher prop in a tube. The jet location gives a neutral balance as is with out the tail and elevator or any servos.
If I sling the battery underneath I should have plenty of options for trimming the centre of gravity, as well as keeping it low compared to the motor which is mounted higher than the above example.

The wings are braced with bamboo skewers cheap as. I will chamfer the top leading edges as that's what most people seem to do.

I am advised that the elevators will need lots of authority so I will fashion quite large ones :)

Not sure there is anything to gain from having any sort of thrust tube yet, will test some ideas on the scales, and do some more reading. My intuition says keep the back low as possible behind the jet only the tail fin in the air flow and brace the structure from beneath. The 5º of dihedral gives some longitudinal stiffness so another V section in Coroplast running the entire length should do the job I think.


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  • Tried to fly the wee jet at Akaroa today and it was dismal and under powered :(

    So taking some advise from DIY Drones I did some more testing and have found a sweet spot with some props I have laying around.

    Turnigy L2210-1650 Bell Style Motor




    Kv1650 rpm/vVoltage:7.4~11.1v (2~3s)No load Current: 1.3AMax Current: 22AMax Power: 250W

    Shaft Size : 3mm

    Shaft Length: 28mm

    Dimension: 28mm x 17mm

    Thrust: 520g Weight: 50g

    My results with a 7 X 5 three blade are as follows on a 3C

    23.6 Amps

    11020 RPM

    880 Grams Thrust !

    240 Watts

    That's on a 2200mAh 3C and a Turnigy AE-30 ESC

    I have read that the following formula calculates approximately the max speed of the model

    Plane_KMH = Prop_Pitch_Inches X RPM / 800

    Given this is correct?

    5 X 11020 / 800 = 68.875Kmh

    Should give a minimum duration of 5.6 minutes

    Using a 4C on a 5 X 5 Three Blade Prop


    Next test will be with a 4C and smaller prop, optimized for 250 Watts should be around 16 amps

    Tested a 5 X 5 three blade

    4C 14.8V

    Thrust:     770 Grams

    Watts:      238 Watts

    Amps      16.4 Amps

    RPM:        14,200 RPM

    Plane speed 5 X 14200 / 800 = 88.75 Kmh

    Should give a minimum duration of 5.8 minutes

    I think either of these options will do the job, the plane weighs 685 grams with a 2200mAh 3C on board, wing loading 18 oz/ft²


    Given the 4C is no more efficient and the duration advantage in negligible, and the 4C battery is only 7 Grams lighter, I favor the 3C on the bigger prop. There is a theoretical 20Kmh speed advantage for the 4C but the 3C is plenty fast enough.


    The Plane

    A mass of 500 or  750 grams give a wing loading's of 13 oz/ft² and 19 oz/ft² respectively

    Wing area 1.3855 ft²

    Dihedral 5º






  • Where should I set the CG on a design like this?

  • Space 1 Jet builder On RCgroups

    Yellow Jet 758 Grams with remaining Coroplast 2 X 7.4 V 1300 mAh batteries Arduino Nano RX Xbee with antenna, servos and misc hardware. Chamfered the top on the leading edges. All control surfaces cut and hinged. ESC mounted
    Intake lip attached to fan intake.
     Keel mounted 
    space 1's blog - RC Groups
    RC Groups - the most active Radio Control model community: electric and fuel rc airplanes,rc helis,rc boats and rc cars. Features discussion forums,…
  • I wonder what happens with no close running fan housing it must interact quite significantly with the blade tips, I have heard that the blade tip clearance with the housing is vital to EDF performance.

    May be worth and experiment see how a naked fan performs

  • That's right the DT850 (850Kv) is very good on an 11 X 4.7 

    235 W for 1400 Grams

    1404 / 235.6 = 5.59 for the 11 X 4.7

    A big SF prop turning slowly is Über efficient in static trust terms it seems, almost twice as efficient


  • Ah, well, that makes sense.  So a prop is still more efficient, all is right with the world.  ;)  Also, I just notice the kV on that motor is also fairly high.  You might find that if there is a lower kV in the same size motor, it would be even more efficient with a prop.  

    I agree with you, I can't see how a thrust tube would make the fan any better.  

    If this is an airplane application, you might find that at high speeds the fan gains efficiency while the prop loses efficiency.  There's probably a cross-over point somewhere, just don't know how high it would be.

  • What do you think about a thrust tube aft for the jet?

    My feeling is it will drag on the high speed from from the fan as a boundary layer builds up inside the tube and causes blockage

  • You are quite correct a 10 X 3.8 was pretty good nearly 700 Grams at 22A 202 Watts.

    The 8 X 6 was recommended by HK for the L2210-1650 


    That said it is a pitchy wee fan a bit of a torque monster I suspect

    698 / 202.5 = 3.446 for the 10 X 3.8

    492 / 155.7 = 3.1599 for the 90 mm 5 Blade fan

    So 8 % less efficient turning electrical power into thrust for the fan much less than I expected. I will do an RPM measurement for the fan also

    Please see the test data here



  • You should try running the prop again with just a 2-cell.  Obviously this will run much slower, but I think it will be more efficient.  The fact that you were getting flutter tells me you were overdriving that prop.  I think this is the case often.  It would be interesting to test that motor again on 3S with a 10" prop.  Something like that.

  • That's correct

    Seems odd to me the scales are working correctly btw. The 8X6 prop did develop a flutter at high rpm but i'm still surprised myself. I retested the fan after final assembly same result, 476 with out the inlet lip and 507 with it with a freshly charged pair of 2 cell 1300mAh in series.

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