Introducing the Issue and the solution:

We've talked about FRSky's CPPM signal on this other post that compares it with a standard PPM signal. The issue is that originally FRSky's CPPM runs at 18 milliseconds. That short period has no space enough for 8 channels plus a proper sync pulse.

After carrying that issue to FRSKY, Jani came up with two FRSky's beta firmwares running CPPM at a 27 milliseconds period. We did test it at the DIYDrones Dev Team and it seems to work pretty fine.

Some guys at that old post were expressing their worries about the 37Hz update speed from the new custom firmware. However, keep in mind that probably you will not see any difference. Mainly if you aren't a crazily fast acrobatic pilot. Furthermore, our focus here is on drones. A good example is the Mission Planner that uses only 20Hz for joystick control.

Well, now those beta firmwares became official: There are custom firmwares for the receivers D8R-XP and D4R-II on their BetaTestSection. The links are now on FRSKY's download area. (Thanks Vladmir for the heads up).



About the Updating process:

Inside of each update zip file there is a PDF explaining how to update your receiver. I'll not describe it here because it's pointless.

Reading their manual you'll see that an FRSky USB cable is necessary. That adapter is a TTL level "USB to RS232" one.

But what's the difference from that adapter and a common "USB to Serial TTL" one? There is just a single difference: the signal is inverted. FRSky's adapter uses the RS232 logic but not an usual RS232 high voltage level that would vary from -25V to +25V. Though the receiver's serial input has internally not just an inverter but also has a RS232-to-TTL voltage level shifter as shown on the diagram bellow (from FRSky's Two Way System Manual):


How to use an FTDI cable:

When I received the first beta firmware some improvisation was needed because I had no the required FRSky's adapter.

I've used my FTDI 3.3V cable with a little trick and it did work perfectly! All I did was configuring the cable to work with inverted input and output signals. ;)

Here goes how you can make that too (at your own risk):

First you need this powerful tool who did the magic: The "FT_PROG" from FTDI Utilities. It runs from a folder and doesn't need to be installed.

The first thing you'll gonna do is attach your FTDI cable and select "Scan and Parse" from "Devices" menu.


After finding the adapter the screen will be like this:


Now you'll navigate at the "Device Tree" selecting the "Hardware Specific" node for checking the proper options that will invert TXD and RXD (output and input of FTDI cable).


Now click on the "flash icon" as shown below:


On the programming screen click on the button "Program" and watch the status bar until it finish.


That's it! After the steps above you have a TTL inverted FTDI cable.

It's reversible, of course. You just need to follow the same steps but this time deselecting the inverting check-boxes.

You'll just need to use some jumper cables. The receiver can be powered  by the 5V output from the FTDI cable.

Remember of crossing the connection between your FTDI cable and the receiver input:

FTDI_TXD (orange) goes on the Receiver_RXD.

FTDI_RXD (yellow) goes on the Receiver_TXD.

If you'll flash your receiver... good look! =)

Please, add comments telling us about your experience on it.

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  • I got a question out of topic of the 27ms flashing procedure. It's possible to read transmitted packet with the such logical state trick ? I mean, for example, my D4R-II is powered by a ESC and binded to my TX, it's possible to collect transmitted data trough the USB to serial device ? by connected GND (D4R-II) to GND (FDTI), TX (D4R-II) to RX (FTDI) and RX (D4R-II) to TX(FTDI). I want to analyse raw packet like this...

  • Developer

    Cool, Sébastien! ;)
    Thanks for sharing it here.

  • Hi


    I made a small video based on this excellent tutorial


  • Do these still come out of the shop with the original firmware? That is, do I need to re-flash if I buy one now?

  • Thanks Sandro. I think you right. Left default value. One more time thanks :)

  • Developer

    Hi Alexey,
    My understanding is that you wouldn't change nothing there.
    TX Radio   <---------- PPM ----------> TX Module (nothing changes)
    TX Module ~~~wireless signal~~~ RX Antenna (nothing changes)
    RX Output <---------- CPPM --------> Flight Control Input (that is what is changed)

  • Hello. I update FRSKY D8R-II Plus with D8R-XP_CPPM_27ms, everything ok. i recieve ppm sum on 1 channel, but i have question. But am i need to change PPM Frame Length in 9XR from default 22.5 to 27?


  • OK thanks..I will try..

    Ciao - Giuseppe

  • Developer

    @Touotune06: It supposed to work, because it does have an FTDI.

    @Giuseppe: I've just checked the code here to make sure of.
    We are adopting a new approach:
    PPM period goes from 18.5ms to 26.5ms (54hz - 37Hz) depending on the pulses sum.

  • Today I flashed with success my DR8-II plus with firmware "27ms" for XP.

    I want to try the PPMSUM (CPPM) functionality.

    I have 3dr ppm encoder too.

    For use with pixhawk or APM (with jumper) and in practical use, are there difference between DR8-II plus flashed or 3dr ppm encoder ?

    Ciao - Giuseppe

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